The word ‘Cataract’ is derived from a Greek word ‘katarraktes’, which means waterfall. You must be wondering what connection is there between a waterfall and a cataract? The answer is in the beliefs of the ancient people. Earlier people thought that there was some kind of congealed fluid in the human brain which flowed out, just like a waterfall and remained as a cloudy haze on the eye lenses, and so they named it cataract.
So, cataract is basically a partial opacity in the lens which blurs vision and may even lead to complete loss of vision, if not treated properly and on time. It is the condition of the eye in which the lens is unable to reflect enough light on the retina which is why the images that are seen are not clear.
Cataract is very common in older people, as aging is one of its primary causes. The treatment of cataract does not involve much medication. Surgeries are the most convenient and successful ways of treating your cataract. There are several professionals who specialise in the treatment of cataract through surgeries. Dr. Hitesh K Patel, an Edison eye surgeon, is famous for his successful surgeries in New Jersey.
Cataract surgeries do not take much time, and usually do not involve the use of needles, sutures or the like. Many doctors revert to the laser treatment for the rectification of the cataract condition, as it is the fastest and the most effective way of cataract removal. But this is done as a secondary procedure after the initial one of some kind of lens implantation. A laser surgery is mostly employed if the previous surgery has left amount of opacification at the back of the eye, thereby leaving it at a condition of secondary cataract.
There are various types of initial implants that a patient could select from depending on his/her unique condition. The first of the lot is the standard Monofocal Lens implant. Though this kind of implant provides a good vision, but it is only for a fixed distance afar. You would still feel the need to wear glasses in order to read or see something which is close by.
The second type of implant is the Multifocal Lens Implant. This gives complete proper vision, both for things that are close and for those at a distance. Post this implant; patients do not require glasses to view things.
The third type is the Toric Lens Implant, which is used to correct astigmatism. This is an optical defect which may be due to the toric curvature in the cornea of the eye. The astigmatism may vary from being small to large, in case it is large, this implant is combined with another process called LASIK.
The fourth and final is the Refractive Lens Exchange, in which the natural lens which has not been affected by cataract is replaced by an artificial lens. It is used to correct both farsightedness and nearsightedness.
Dr. Hitesh K Patel, who serves Edison, New Brunswick and places around it, has years of experience and expertise, which make him a popular ophthalmologist and a sought after doctor. He even founded the Patel Eye Care and Rehabilitation Centre, where good care of cataract patients is taken.
Since cataract is very widespread, it is not something that needs to be feared; instead getting it diagnosed and treated from the correct sources will help eradicate it easily.