A comprehensive eye exam is a thorough examination of your eyes and eyesight. It includes various vision measuring activities using printed charts and other measurement equipment to check how well you see close and far objects and evaluate your eyesight and depth of field. At Wolchok Eye Associates, PA, Dr. Stephen M. Wolchok conducts eye tests to improve vision and check for potential concerns with your eyes.
How to prepare for an eye test
When making your appointment with the eye doctor, mention any visual problems you have. In addition, make a list of any questions you wish to ask the doctor before you go. Prepare to inform them of any medications you are taking and your (and your family’s) eye health history. When going for an eye test, bring your glasses and contact lenses, as well as your prescription.
During your eye test exam
The eye doctor will inquire about your medical and visual histories during your eye exam. Depending on the technology employed, the test might run anywhere from half an hour to several hours.
Here are some of the eye tests you may have;
1. Visual acuity test:
After the doctor has reviewed your medical history, they will begin the eye test process by analyzing your eyesight with acuity testing. In this test, you will sit before an eye chart with characters that get smaller as you read further down each line. You will close one eye in turns and read out loud from the chart with the other eye till you cannot read the letters anymore.
2. External examination and pupil responses
The doctor will observe how your pupils react to light and things near you. In addition, they will examine the whites of your eyes and the posture of your eyelids.
3. Refraction testing
The doctor can use a computerized refractor to determine your exact lens prescription. Your doctor will fine-tune your prescription by switching lenses on the phoropter and asking you which is best. You will not have this exam if you do not require corrective glasses.
4. Cover test
This indicates how effectively your eyes can work together. During this test, you will be staring at a small object from afar. The doctor will cover and uncover each eye to see how your eyes move. In addition, your doctor will be looking for an eye that moves away from the object. Strabismus is the medical term for this disorder. You can repeat the test with a thing that is nearer to you.
5. Eye muscle movement test
This tests the alignment of your eyes. The doctor will observe how your eyes move while you follow a moving target (such as a pen or a fingertip) in different directions.
A comprehensive eye checkup is critical as it helps detect eye problems you may have and seek the proper treatment. If you are experiencing challenges with your eyesight, An yearly checkup is always a good idea. However, even if you are not experiencing any problems with your eyes, it is good to go for an eye checkup every two years to monitor your health.
Contact Wolchok Eye Associates, PA, to schedule your eye checkup appointment.