Glaucoma is a disease where the optic nerve is damaged, causing vision loss. It often starts as a painless, gradual process that gradually worsens with no warning signs or symptoms. In some cases, it can cause severe vision loss in just six months. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of irreversible blindness and can happen to anyone at any age or race without warning. Luckily in Maitland, FL, glaucoma specialists can help treat this disease. Look for the best center for glaucoma in Maitland for the correct diagnosis and treatment. Here are six common treatments to expect.
Prescription Eye Drops
Prescription eye drops are the most common treatment for glaucoma. The drop is applied directly to the open eyes, which helps reduce fluid pressure in the eyes and allows the aqueous humor to drain better. Research has shown that this method can minimize vision loss from glaucoma but not cure it. Consult with your doctor before starting any new medication.
Laser treatment is a standard surgical procedure used to treat glaucoma. It involves using a laser to create a small hole in the eye’s drainage system to improve the flow of aqueous humor and reduce pressure in the eyes. Laser treatment is a safe and effective way to treat glaucoma.
Some medications can be taken orally to help with glaucoma. They can reduce fluid pressure inside the eye caused by the disease. Studies show that these medications effectively treat patients with mild-to-moderate glaucoma. However, if you have severe or advanced glaucoma, these oral medications are ineffective.
An eye shunt is a surgical procedure that involves creating an opening in the eye to allow fluid to flow out of it. Eye shunts are often done with laser treatment or cryosurgery. This type of surgery works best for people with glaucoma who have failed other therapies, including medications and laser procedures.
Trabeculectomy is a surgical procedure where a drainage bleb is created. The purpose of the drainage system is to drain fluid from your eye, and this surgery makes one. Often, glaucoma patients who have failed other treatments will require this type of procedure. A bandage contact lens or an adjustable silicone plug may be important for this surgery.
Glaucoma drainage implants are an effective treatment for glaucoma that combines medication and surgery. Glaucoma implants help lower pressure in your eye by creating one or more tiny channels, which allow fluid to escape from the eye directly to your bloodstream instead of draining into the canal of the Schlemm where it can be reabsorbed.
Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery
Another treatment for glaucoma is minimally invasive glaucoma surgery. This procedure requires a tiny incision with minimal eye and surrounding tissues disruption. Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery can be done to lower eye pressure by draining fluid from your eye with or without adding medication, depending on testing results.
Glaucoma can be a severe disease that usually starts with no warning signs. If you have been diagnosed, treatments are available to help save your sight and minimize vision loss from glaucoma. As always, consult with your doctor before starting any new medication or surgical procedure.